Ive been frequently asked to help take pictures (with a cell phone) simply because Im a photographer and therefore MUST make better pictures than those coming from an average joe. Probably not always true, but I feel that there are some elements to know that could help everyone take better pictures even with a phone. As a disclaimer, I shall say that this is NOT A RECIPE. When I shoot for myself, I shoot out of love. I choose and design my images based off feeling what is evoked when I come across an image and how it jumps out to me … [Read more...] about 5 Design Elements for Better Pictures!
Thanks to Vanelli and Meghan Ryan-Harrington for the Behind the Scenes shots. When shooting a video project, there is a need to typically get multiple shots (or angles) of the same scene. In modern productions, viewers aren't content to watch just a single shot occur on screen. The audience expects multiple angles to be combine together. This creates visual interest and helps guide the viewer through the story. The use of multiple shots is also helpful during editing as it helps control the timing on a scene (and even cover mistakes). The … [Read more...] about What’s That Video Shot Called?
As a photographer, youre likely used to using to capture several shots. You capture them to have options... bracketing to cover the exposure range, or shoting safety shots to ensure focus. With video, you have even more reasons to get additional coverage... the narrative demands it. Shooting video is much more than capturing the action in one long shot. Sure, you might see this approach if you went to a play... the audiences point of view. But for film, television, and even web video... a collection of shorter shots are usuall edited … [Read more...] about Sequencing Shots to Tell a Video Story
Many photographers worry about making the switch to DSLR Video. The gear and the challenges can seem a bit overwhelming at first. I thought it might be helpful to point out some of the things the two mediums have in common. Your gear. The investment youve made in equipment translates very well. Your camera body likely shoots video, and good lenses are good lenses. Composing the frame. Youve probably spent a good deal of time practicing composition. Your ability to actually position the subject within a frame to tell a story goes a long … [Read more...] about What Do Video and Photography Have in Common?
This is a short and sweet post about composition. It's very basic and intended for those who are just starting out in photography, but could be a good reminder to old hands as well. Beware the intruder! What's wrong with the photo above? Do you see it? Do you recognize the ugly intruder sneaking into the shot? Look at the top right hand corner of the image. THERE IT IS! That's what I call an intruder. That person's tennis shoe is stuck in the photo. I've talked about this before when discussing composition. It's one of the easiest photo … [Read more...] about Attention Photographers – Beware Intruders!
I've been spending a lot of time thinking about composition lately. I am really trying to push myself to get beyond the rule of thirds and try out some new methods. The method I'm experimenting with now is called the Golden Spiral. It's based on of all things an ancient sequence of numbers that often repeats in nature. 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144 The sequence is often called the Fibonacci numbers and is named after Leonardo Fibonacci who was an Italian mathematician. He didn't actually invent the series (it's though to … [Read more...] about Fibonacci, Nautilus Shells, and Photography
If you ever wonder why you're drawn to lines don't worry, it's normal. As humans we tend to prefer certain shapes and leading lines are one of our favorite distractions. Some people see them better than others. But those who do see them are immediately drawn to them. And for that reason alone, leading lines are a valuable compositional tool in photography. I made these two images a few years ago for the Tacoma Glass Museum. I wanted to show off the architecture without doing a cheesy postcard shot. So I got my wide-angle lens out and leaned … [Read more...] about Composition Basics For Photographers – Leading Lines
You can subscribe to my Photofocus Boocasts here. ____________________ … [Read more...] about Photofocus Boocast – Beginner’s Composition Tips
This post won't be for everyone. It's in fact a very advanced concept and it might miss the target. If it does, I'll take the blame because of my inability to share the heart of what drives me to find the perfect photo. But here's trying a little bit. Some photographers go through life randomly documenting what comes their way. Others pre-visualize their photography and set out to tell a story. There are many approaches to photography. All of them are valid. But there's one you may not be familiar with. It's a little bit Zen, but it's very … [Read more...] about Seeing A Photograph – Looking For What Isn’t There
If you want to help your photos get noticed - arrange your composition so that the viewer needs to work just a little bit to find the treasure. Here, there is one bright stand of orange poppies sticking out amongst an entire field of purple flowers. The eye is naturally drawn to the thing that doesn't appear to belong. And that's exactly what I am going for. You'll also note the placement in the lower right corner of the frame - homage to the rule of thirds. Lastly - I shot with a long lens to compress the distance between the single stand of … [Read more...] about Quick Photographic Composition Tip – Look For Something That Stands Out
One of the most enduring themes in art is the concept of harmonious balance. Balance is something the human eye just naturally gravitates to. It's something that is automatically pleasing to most people. When you're composing a shot, look for ways to introduce this concept. It can be done using many of the traditional "rules" of photography such as iteration, repetition, rule of thirds etc. In the image above, I introduced simple balance into my composition by shooting the two birds perfectly juxtaposed against each other - side-by-side but … [Read more...] about Photography Composition Basics – Balance
Guest post & photos by One of the most significant aspects of photography is that the way you see things is the way things end up being seen - and few things determine that more than the power of selective framing. The recognition that we, the photographers, have the power to frame things however we choose to, knowing it will completely change the way the viewer will experience them, is an extremely liberating realization. Just like in the entirety of life, things are hardly ever just the way they are its often just the way we see … [Read more...] about The Power of Selective Framing
Photographic composition is a tricky thing. It depends on taste. It depends on point of view. It depends on being able to see before there is something to be seen. It's an art and a science and it's very subjective. When I took my first few photo workshops, the composition instructors used to tell me that you can't mix lines and circles. Like many when I was young, all you needed to do was tell me I can't do something and I decided to try. Most of the time it turned out my instructors were dead on. You really couldn't do most of the things … [Read more...] about Composition Tip – Lines & Circles
This post isn't about UV filters or screw on filters or gear of any kind. It's about the filters we use to make photographic decisions. What to include or not include in a photograph What color background to use What lens to shoot with What camera angle When you think about it, each photograph is comprised of a series of decisions that filter out one choice over another. Once you have that fact down, it becomes a little less daunting to make the right choice. Start with entire scene. Now, where do you want the viewer of the image to focus? … [Read more...] about Filters – No, Not That Kind
If you're a regular follower of my podcast, blogs or Twitter stream you may have surmised that I am a car guy. If I'm not taking photos or running my business I'm probably doing something car-related. It may come as no surprise to you that I am a huge fan of the British television series Top Gear. In order to share the point I want to make today, I need you to spend a few minutes watching a very compelling and beautiful video. Jeremy from . Now here's where the lesson is. Note the use of negative space in the video. The director of … [Read more...] about Sometimes Less Really is More – Negative Space
It's photo 101, but many landscape photographers are unaware of it. The horizon tends to look best when it doesn't split the center of the image. Of course there are exceptions to every rule, but unless you can articulate with specificity why you want to do it differently, avoid putting the horizon dead center. You can put the horizon toward the top or the bottom of the screen. Either way is acceptable and both are traditionally more pleasing to the eye than putting the horizon dead center. While we're talking horizons here is a bonus tip. … [Read more...] about Landscape Photographers – Watch Where You Put That Horizon
If you want to make strong compositions, look for repeating themes. I made this portrait of my pal Skip Cohen and his lovely wife Sheila at the launch party in Las Vegas at the swanky new Cosmopolitan Hotel. Making portraits at a party or wedding reception is always a challenge because you typically have little time. It's also very easy to end up with lots of cliches. I wanted to set up the composition in Skip's portrait so that it would be a tad bit more interesting than the average party grab shot. I spotted this portrait on the wall of a … [Read more...] about Photo Composition Tip – Iteration
Filling the frame is the name of the game. But it's WHAT you fill the frame with that matters. I was sharing some insights with a new photographer recently and it dawned on me that my own style has matured significantly since I was a newbie. The biggest change I see in my work is that it has become simpler. When I was new at all this, I thought my photographs had to be "complicated to be good." Turns out, that's not necessarily true. I've started to simplify every image. I shoot tighter and tighter every year. I find myself gravitating to … [Read more...] about Photo Composition Tip – Clutter Be Gone
In food photography, and photography in general, a good fundamental tip on composition is to create or find triangles in your images. Triangles keep the viewers eyes on the photo, since when you follow a triangle with your eyes you are basically circling around the image, looking at all the elements. In this image the basil leaves are the boldest color, so your eyes probably were drawn to that part of the image first. If you followed your eyes to the other leaves then you were fooled into looking at the entire photo. ;) Your triangles don't … [Read more...] about Food Photography: Finding Triangles
At least once a month, I'm going to start talking about photography from a purely artistic point of view. I want to try to expose the photographers who stop by here to some "art lessons" in the hopes that those of you who really want to take things up a notch will spend some time contemplating something other than gear. In Japan there is a principle called (Yohaku-no-bi.) This loosely translates in English to the beauty of empty space - looking for what is implied by the absence of something. The tendency to clutter a photograph is one of the … [Read more...] about Using Negative Space
Photofocus received several questions about composition this week so I thought I'd cover some basic tools that will help you improve your compositional skills. These ideas aren't presented in depth or in any particular order, nor is the list complete. But it should get you started. Also note that you can find an argument for ignoring any of these ideas. Just make sure you know the rule before you break it and that you can articulate why you broke it. 1. Use negative space. 2. Avoid merges. 3. Place your subjects in unifying positions. 4. Look … [Read more...] about Composition – Basic Tools – 15 Quick Tips
Iteration or a repetition of the subject is makes for pleasing composition. Notice how the mother wolf and her pup repeat a theme? They are both looking in the same direction. They're both in profile. There are two of them. They are in harmony with each other repeating a pattern. When you are out looking for great compositions, look for iteration. The human eye is trained to look for it, so why not use that to hold the viewer's interest in your next photo? _______________ … [Read more...] about Photo Composition Tip – Repeating Themes & Iteration
Here's a simple composition tip - try to avoid merges. Merges are places where lines intersect in such a manner as to distract and run together. Note the first photo in the post. It shows the grain silo merging with the hill behind it. This causes confusion in the viewer's eye. It takes the image out of balance and flattens the scene making it look more two-dimensional. Look at the second shot - the black and white. Notice the clear separation between the top of the grain silo and the hill. It makes for a more balanced and pleasing … [Read more...] about Photo Composition Tip – Avoid Merges
If you've ever had the opportunity to visit an iconic building like the US Capitol Building in Washington, D.C. or the Vatican Museum in Rome (home of the Sistine Chapel), you probably looked up and admired both the workmanship and beauty above you. That same feeling can be conveyed in photographs, and these tips are designed to help you take home photos that you can proudly hang on your walls (or ceilings!) 1. Lie Down and Look Up Everyone has seen iconic landmarks like the Eiffel Tower from straight on. But if you get very close and very … [Read more...] about Look, Up in the Sky! Three Tips for Better “Looking Up” Photos
Post by Ive always admired beautiful frames. From heavy, gilded gold frames holding oil paintings and hanging in museums around the world, to more modern approaches, such as the refined white painted frames often seen in photo galleries and exhibitions, a frame can contribute to the overall presentation of an image in a profound way. The same can be said of in-camera framing. Over the years, Ive been drawn to natural and man-made frames when taking photographs. Car windows, rock formations, people standing in a crowd, and even your own hands … [Read more...] about Four In-Camera Framing Tips
ADDITIONAL PHOTOS by Nicole Young, Rich Legg & Other iStock Contributors One of the most common problems facing new photographers - and some of us OLD photographers - is finding a great composition. Like pizza, it's a matter of taste, but there are some fairly standard agreed-upon guidelines for a good composition. On March 20 I wrote a piece for the blog called Five Composition Tips. I've decided to expand on this. I also want to note these are GUIDELINES, not rules. For each of these points you could make an opposite artistic argument. … [Read more...] about 25 Photo Composition Tips
Author: Harold Davis Publisher: Wiley Review by Conrad J. Obregon Instructing photographers about creativity is hard. Its not like technique where there are rules, like use a large f-stop if you want to limit depth of field, or use a shutter speed equal to one over the focal length for a hand-held shot. Its not even like discussing composition where you can say, all things considered, its better to apply the rule of thirds. Instead an author has to tell a person how to see. Its hard to review a book on creativity, since each reader seems to … [Read more...] about Creative Composition: Digital Photography Tips & Techniques
Image and Post by Composition is an extremely important aspect of photography. Not only do you want your subjects to be positioned in a pleasing part within the frame (usually on a third-line) you also want to make sure that they are not pushing your viewer's eyes too far to the edge of your photo. One way to avoid this is to find triangular "flow" within your image. In the image above I have three main objects: a devil, a man, and a contract. My intention was to get the viewer's eyes to circle around the photo without naturally being drawn … [Read more...] about “Find a Triangle”
Photographs Rick Sammon The Road picture Scott critiqued was cool. The first thing I saw was the S curved of the road. The S curve has been used by photographers (and of course painters) to add interest to a photograph be it a landscapes, seascape, wildlife, or fashion photograph. So, I went through my files and found some of my images that feature the "S" curve. Try seeking out or creating the S curve when you are photographing. For more S curve images, do a google search. Among the photographs you'll find are some captivating images by … [Read more...] about Sammon’s Short and Sweet Shooting Session #7 – Seek Out the “S” Curve
Understanding Composition Author: Steve Mulligan Publisher: Photographers' Institute Press Review by Conrad J. Obregon It may or may not be hard to understand the technical elements of photography, like exposure, focus, depth of field, tonality and color correction, but putting all of these together to create an image that is pleasing, that is, composing the photograph, is the real test of a photographer. In this book, Steve Mulligan offers some of his ideas on the subject. After offering a few comments on equipment, the author deals with … [Read more...] about Book Review: Understanding Composition