According to The Five C’s of Cinematography: Motion Picture Filming Techniques, these are the things cinematographers have to think about when they turn on their cameras.
1. Camera Angles (Based on narrative significance)
2. Continuity (Absorbs the viewer in the story)
3. Cutting (Cut on the action – cut when something happens)
4. Close ups (Make them count)
5. Composition (Standard rules of photographic composition generally apply)
This is going to be short because frankly, I know much more about photography than I do cinematography. But since I’ve been shooting video on DSLRs I have been studying cinematography. No matter where I look, I see these five rules listed above as being a great starting point for beginners. I think they are self-explanatory.
While this has helped me immensely as I explore cinematography, I also note that these rules apply themselves well to still photography. Perhaps still shooter should spend more time thinking like cinematographers?