Trying to decide which composition best suits a scene is something that takes an eye for detail and some practice. But to make the path a bit easier, I’ve included some basic tips.
a. Know what NOT to include. Simplify, simplify, simplify. As you look at each element in the scene, ask yourself, “How does this element make the photo stronger?” If it doesn’t, simplify and remove it.
b. Remember that the closest object tends to dominate the foreground. If this is what you want to accomplish, no worries. But if the foreground object is simply in the scene to establish scale, be careful that it doesn’t take up too much real estate.
c. Check for intruders. Is that twig on your right in the frame? How about those messy piles of leaves on the bottom of the frame? Is there a telephone poll jutting into the scene from the left? Check all around the outside edges of the frame to make sure nothing is sneaking into your picture that you don’t want there in the first place.
d. Always try to work with odd-numbers of subjects. Five birds, three trees, seven apples, etc. For some reason, the human eye doesn’t like looking at batches of even numbered things as well as it does odd-numbered.
e. Every picture should have a beginning, a middle and an end. You can align this to a foreground, middle ground and background. Try to layer the shot. Have something of value that relates to the story you want to tell in every part of the picture.
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